When you see a sign that says “Keep Out”, then you’re not allowed in.
EG: Keep out! This is a private property.
When you keep away from something, you avoid it.
EG: He kept away from drugs and alcohol when he was young because his parents had taught him to hate both.
When you keep up with something, you get the latest information about it.
EG: She loves fashion and she tries to keep up with the latest trends by reading lots of fashion magazines and searching online.
When you keep on doing something, you continue doing it.
EG: Even though she told him that she didn’t like him, he keeps on making advances to her.
When you let somebody down, you disappoint them.
EG: He didn’t want to let his coach down, so he tried as hard as he could.
When you look out for something, you search for it.
EG: He was looking out for his sunglasses all over the place but he couldn’t find them.
When you look forward to something, you’re excited about it.
EG: I always look forward to Fridays. OR I’m looking forward to seeing you again.
**Please note that in the second example, the syntax is different. If you want to use a verb after this phrase this verb needs to be in –ing form even though it follows an infinitive (to). It is a weird syntax but don’t forget it because it is important—especially when you close letters in General Module Writing Task 1.*
When you look up something, you search and find it in the dictionary.
EG: What does the word “inertia” mean? I don’t know. Why don’t you look it up in a dictionary?
When you look down on somebody, you consider this person inferior.
EG: I hate people that look down on others.
When you look up to somebody, you admire this person.
EG: He has always looked up to his older brother as he was a great tennis player and he wanted to be as good as him.
When you look into something, you investigate something.
EG: The police looked into the closed case and found a new clue that helped them find the killer.